The Divine Command Theory : Capital Punishment And Abortion

1128 Words Oct 4th, 2016 5 Pages
The Divine Command Theory is the assertion in ethics that an action is morally right if, and only if, it conforms to God’s will. This premise ties together morality and religion in a manner that seems expected, since it provides a solution to arguments about moral relativism and the objectivity of ethics. On the other hand, in Plato’s Euthyphro, Socrates questions whether something is right because God commands it, or whether God commands it because it is right. The ethical implications of the Euthyphro problem suggest that the relationship between morality and religion might not be as straightforward as suggested by the Divine Command Theory. Two contemporary issues illustrate the Divine Command Theory: capital punishment and abortion. The Divine Command Theory clearly links moral choices to religion. Sacred texts from all Abrahamic religions include a prohibition against murder. For example, the Ten Commandments, which play a fundamental role in both Christianity and Judaism, states in The Sixth Commandment, “Thou shalt not kill.” Similarly, the Qur’an references Allah’s prohibition of killing multiple times; for example, it states that: “If anyone has killed one person it is as if he had killed the whole mankind” (5:32). In essence, God commands that all murder is wrong. The Divine Command Theory asserts that the word of God, or any other supreme being, is absolute. Effectively, because God deems that murder is wrong, then according to the Divine Command Theory,…
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