The Doctrine Of The Lord 's Supper

1597 WordsApr 1, 20157 Pages
Introduction The sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or the Eucharist, is one of three sacraments that are recognized in the Evangelical church. Through the sacraments Christians are brought closer to God through the work of the Holy Spirit. There have been several views of the Lord’s Supper throughout church history including: transubstantiation, consubstantiation, the symbolic nature of the Eucharist, and the most commonly accepted view of the Lord’s Supper today. Even today, the Lord’s Supper, or communion, as it is often called, is one of the most debated of the sacraments. This essay will explore the biblical basis for the doctrine of the Lord’s Supper and the four main historical views on the doctrine: the Roman Catholic view of transubstantiation, Luther’s consubstantiation, followed by Zwingli, Luther’s main opponent, and his view of the lack of spiritual presence in the Eucharist, and finally Calvin’s view, which is supported and practiced by most Evangelical Christians today. Scriptural Basis It is important to consider what scripture has to say about an issue before examining any other arguments or views. Jesus tells his disciples in the accounts of Matthew and Mark that his blood “is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins” (Matt 26:28 NIV) and in Luke he commands them to partake of the elements in remembrance of him and tells them that his blood is a new covenant (Lk 22:19-20 NIV). Finally, Jesus says in John that whoever eats his body and drinks of his
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