The Doctrine Of The Lord 's Supper

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AMBROSE UNIVERSITY THE DOCTRINE OF THE LORD’S SUPPER SUBMITTED TO BERNIE VAN DE WALLE IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF REL 261 THEOLOGY II: SPIRIT AND CHURCH BY MO HICKMAN APRIL 7TH, 201 Introduction The Doctrine of the Lord’s Supper is a central part of church life and ecclesiology. During the Lord’s Supper, the Church shares in the bread and the cup in remembrance of Christ and “proclaim[s] the Lord’s death until He comes.” Theologians have disagreed on what happens to the bread and wine and the role of the Supper. In this paper, I will outline the basis of the Doctrine of the Lord’s Supper and briefly describe its biblical context. I will then explain how the doctrine was developed during the first centuries and the reformation. I will conclude by briefly describing the different views held by the Catholic, Reformed, and Protestant traditions. Outline of the Doctrine The Lord’s Supper was ordained by Christ at the Last Supper. Stott writes that, ‘whenever we share in the Lord’s Supper, his sacrifice on the cross is remembered, partaken of, proclaimed, acknowledged as the ground of our unity, and responded to in grateful worship.” The Lord’s Supper is about the cross and remembering Christ’s sacrifice through which salvation is made available. The Lord’s Supper is considered the second act of commitment to Christ’s body the Church, after baptism. The Lord’s Supper repeatedly acknowledges that one has been saved through their faith in Christ and that they are a member of
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