The Dome Of The Rock

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With a beautiful gilt dome decorating the skyline of Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock is the oldest and most famous Islamic building on the Temple Mount. As a religious space with kinetic and interrelated characteristics, it not only functions as a Muslim shrine, but also exhibits significance based on its history and relative location to the Jewish Temple and Christian churches. Built on the site of Solomon’s Temple and decorated with mosaics symbolizing the Paradise and Jewish royalty, the Dome reveals the inspiration of Jewish traditions on Early Islam. Modeled on Christian churches with a competitive appearance and inscriptions about Qur’anic Christology against Christ, the Dome emphasizes the Islamic view against Christianity and the rivalry between them. Along the foreign conquests of Jerusalem, the shrine has an identity that was once shifted from an Islamic monument to a church and then restored, showing it as a kinetic space reflecting the development of Early Islam. One of the most recognizable landmarks of Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock is an octagonal shrine built in a similar architectural style used in Christian churches in Palestine at that time. Completed in 692 AD under the rule of Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik, the building has two ambulatories forming an octagonal shape around a circular arcade, and within it lays the Foundation Rock. Its wooden gilt doom rises like a tall cylinder and reaches an overall height of thirty meters (Grabar 1996: 52). Most parts

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