The Downfall Of Civilization 's ' Heart Of Darkness '

965 WordsJul 7, 20164 Pages
The Downfall of Civilization Within the early 20th century, Western and European nations have already established civilization and industrialized; however, many of which do not act nor represent civil behavior. Aime Cesaire criticized the barbaric nature of European civilization in “Discourse of Colonialism.” John Reed unveils the first-hand accounts of Europe and questions its civility in World War I. In “Heart of Darkness,” Joseph Conrad illustrates a voyage from the view point of Marlow, who questions the civility of Europeans and indigenous Africans. With civilization in mind, these authors are able to break down the idea of civilization and show how the theme of barbarism and uncivility are present in “superior nations.” In “Discourse of Colonialism,” Cesaire critiques European civilization and how it is ironic to say that they represent as superior nations. Cesaire proclaims that “before [Europeans] were its victims, they were its accomplices; that they tolerated that Nazism before it was inflicted on them, that they absolved it, shut their eyes to it, legitimized it, because until, then, it had been applied only to non-European people” (36). Seeing Germany as a redeveloping nation after its lost in World War I, European nations did not view it as a threat. They turned a blind eye to Germany and their actions. “How strange! But never mind—it’s Nazism, it will pass!” (36). European nations even appeased Hitler by allowing him to gain more land. However, when Hitler

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