The Dropping Of The Atomic Bomb On Hiroshima

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The dropping of the Atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945 and Nagasaki on August 9th, 1945 was the first and last time the weapon has been used to date; the atomic explosions exposed the true potential of nuclear warfare whilst also highlighting the global superiority that America possessed at the conclusion of World War II. On August 6th, 1945 “Little Boy”, a uranium atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima in an effort by the United States (U.S.) and backed by the Soviet Union, the British and the Chinese to force a Japanese surrender. However, American intelligence suggested no evidence of Japanese surrender which acted as the catalyst for the second use of a plutonic implosion type bomb, “Fat Man” on Nagasaki on August 9th, 1945. The sheer force of the bombs reportedly killed 66,000 residents in Hiroshima and 39,000 residents in Nagasaki as well as injuring another 94,000 residents suffering symptoms of intense third degree burns.

There has been a significant deal of argument between historians regarding the decision to drop the bomb. The historiography on dropping the bomb can be roughly categorised into three perspectives; traditionalists, revisionists and counter revisionist. Whilst the traditionalists state the actions were necessary to force the unconditional surrender of Japan, the revisionists argue that there were alternatives in the use of the weapon. At the other end of the spectrum, counter revisionists tend to lean towards the necessity for the bomb and
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