The Dropping Of The Atomic Bomb On Japan Essay

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Why do historians perspectives differ in relation to the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan?

(Intro 1—Context/Cover)
The dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945 and Nagasaki on August 9th, 1945 was the first and last time the weapon has been used to date; the atomic explosions exposed the true potential of nuclear warfare whilst also highlighting the global superiority that America possessed at the conclusion of World War II. On August 6th 1945 “Little Boy”, a uranium atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima in an effort by the United States backed by the Soviet Union, the British and the Chinese to force a Japanese surrender. However American intelligence suggested no evidence of Japanese surrender which acted as the catalyst for the second use of a plutonic implosion type bomb, “Fat Man” on Nagasaki on August 9th 1945. The sheer force of the bombs reportedly killed 66,000 in Hiroshima and 39,000 in Nagasaki Japanese residents whilst injuring another 94,000 residents suffering symptoms of intense third degree burns.

(Intro 2—Explanation of Source)
There has been a significant deal of argument between historians regarding the decision to drop the bomb. The historiography on dropping the bomb can be roughly categorised into three perspectives being; traditionalists, revisionists and counter revisionist. Whilst the traditionalists state the actions were necessary to force the unconditional surrender of Japan, the
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