The Drug Of Drug And Alcohol Abuse Essay

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The movie Trainspotting is an entertaining look into the dark world of drug and alcohol abuse. Heroin is the drug of choice for the protagonist, but other substances are also consumed throughout the film: heroin, prescription medication, opium, hash, amphetamines, and alcohol are a constant presence in the story. Repeated polysubstance abuse combined with a negative social environment and a weak support structure compounds the problems of Renton, a heroin addicted young adult man living in Scotland. When examining the actual diagnostic criteria, causes, and treatment of drug addiction from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, comparisons can be made between the portrayal of addiction in the film and reality. Familial and genetic influences, social and environmental issues, positive and negative reinforcement, the opponent process theory, models of chemical dependence and treatment methods are displayed throughout the film with high validity. Many different influences affect the main character, and an integrative approach is needed to assess the maladaptive behavior of Renton. Gratuitous use and abuse of heroin is the central theme of the film Trainspotting. Heroin is in the opioid family of narcotics. Opioid can be used in a broad sense for natural opiates like opium, synthetic opiates such as heroin and methadone, and the natural chemicals that occur in the brain such as enkephalins, beta-endorphins, and dynorphins (Barlow & Durand, 2015, p.11-4). Opioid substances create

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