The Dsm And The Systems Of Psychotherapy

2633 Words11 Pages
The DSM and the Systems of Psychotherapy
Adam McLean
Saybrook University
Professor Bob Flax, Ph.D.
December 4, 2014

Introduction The American Psychiatric Association published the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) in 2013. There have been eight publications of the manual (APA, 2013). Regardless of theoretical background clinicians need to understand the DSM. It is now the industry standard for evaluation and diagnosis. The DSM-5 comprehensively covers most behavioral mental and emotional concerns. Expertise and knowledge of the DSM-5 is necessary to obtain reimbursement from insurance companies. The complexity of the human mind and all of the working of psychopathology cannot be limited to a single book. Practitioners are bound by the DSM-5 as a universal communication system. The DSM-5 is a medical approach to a bio-psycho-social-spiritual malady. Diagnosis in the DSM is the classification of a mental illness or other problem by interpretation of the symptoms. Pathology of medical ailments is characterized by and organ, defect, and symptoms. Psychiatry seems to only have the handle on one component. Psychiatrists will openly admit that they know almost nothing in regards to the cause of most diagnoses (Whitaker, 2010 & Allen, 2013). Some clinicians and authors have been outspoken about their criticisms of the DSM-5. Frances (2013) states “our classification of mental disorders is no more than a collection
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