The Dual Process Model

Decent Essays
In the late 90’s Margaret Stoebe and Henk Schut presented a theory called “The Dual Process Model.” Stroebe and Schut started by giving an assessment of current (1999) ‘grief work’ theories… “…there are shortcomings in traditional theorizing about effective ways of coping with bereavement, most notably, with respect to the so-called ‘grief work hypothesis.’ Criticisms include imprecise definition, failure to represent dynamic processing that is characteristic of grieving, lack of empirical evidence and validation across cultures and historical periods, and a limited focus on intrapersonal processes and on health outcomes.” (Stroede & Schut p. 197 1999) What’s interesting is that it appears as though Stroebe and Schut suggest that the…show more content…
The Dual Process Model (DPM) states that there are two types of different types of stressors that can be linked to grief. First: Loss-oriented stressors. These stressors that originate from the focus and process of realizing the person has died and the relationship with that person. This could be things like remembering things, looking at old pictures, thinking about how they walked, talked and their mannerisms. Second are restoration-oriented stressors. These stressors are a result of secondary sources of stress and processing. For example: John died and now I am going to have to be the one who mows the lawn, chops the wood, shovels the driveway and take care of the house all by myself. Who will do my finances? How will I manage everything? What is interesting to me, and something that I like is that an important part of the DPM is the idea of “oscillation” (basically a fluctuation between beliefs, opinions, and conditions). According to the DPM healthy grieving means delving into a lively process of oscillating between the two stressors coping. For example: the griever may oscillate between dealing with the loss and completely avoiding the loss. Under the DPM this is a healthy part of the grieving process by not only coping with the grief but also seeking solace from it as
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