The Duality of Man: Connections Between Victor and the Monster in Frankenstein

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The classic gothic novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley details the relationship between two significant figures, Victor Frankenstein, and his unnamed monster. The critical relationship between such characters causes many literary critics to compose the idea that they are bound by nature – inadvertently becoming a single central figure (Spark). This provides provoking thoughts on the duality of mankind, revealing the wickedness of human nature. The role of the monster as an alter ego to Victor is an ideal suggestion, as their characteristics in the story consistently change; from predator to prey, depressed to angry, pitiful to cruel, these are all characteristics shared between both characters at different times of the novel. These …show more content…
The monster that Frankenstein built had become bitter and remorseful at being abandoned by his creator. This consequently results in the monster becoming a menace to the stability of Victor’s many companionships. The monster murders many of Victor’s loved ones, including the direct deaths of William, Henry, and Elizabeth, as well as the indirect deaths of Alphonse, and Justine. Victor had taken his companions for granted, ignorant to the threats the monster had declared. The monster shares with Victor this sense of ignorance in his confrontation of the cottagers. The monster knows of his horrid appearance, but still he desired companions. Eventually the monster approaches the blind De Lacey, hoping to take advantage of his lack of sight, and gentle nature. This is eventually disrupted by the intrusion of Felix, Agatha, and Safie. They are shocked at his appearance, and aggressively attack him, forcing him to flee. The contrast in these situations is evident, Victor seeks more than companionship, and the monster’s sole desire is a companion.

The inner darkness within Victor Frankenstein may prove as major evidence of the connection between Victor and the monster. One can perceive the monster as an alter ego to Victor Frankenstein, much like Mr. Hyde to Dr. Jekyll in the novella The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The reputable and kind Dr. Jekyll takes a potion to transform into Mr. Hyde, a being free from moral
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