The Dynamics of People and Organizations

1655 Words Jul 11th, 2012 7 Pages
Chapter 1
The Dynamics of People and Organizations
Organizational Behavior
Organizational Behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people – as individuals and as groups – act within organizations. Organizational Behavior is a scientific discipline in which a large number of research studies and conceptual developments are constantly adding to its knowledge base.
Goals of Organizational Behavior (Most Sciences share four goals) * Describe (How people behave under a variety of conditions) * Understand (Why people behave as they do.) * Predict (Managers should have the capacity to predict employees actions on a certain day and take preventive actions) * Control ( To develop some human activity at work)
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To an outside observer, a person’s need may be unrealistic, but they are still controlling. * Desire for Improvement: Many employees today are actively seeking opportunities at work to become involved in relevant decisions, thereby contributing their talents and ideas to the organization’s success. Desire for improvement can be achieved through employee empowerment. * Value of the Person: People deserve to be treated differently from other factors of production (Land, Capital, technology) because they are of a higher order in the universe. Because of this distinction, people want to be treated with caring, respect, and dignity; increasingly they demand such treatment from their employers. 2 The Nature of Organizations * Social Systems: Organizations are Social systems. Two types of social systems exist side by side in organizations. One is the Formal Social System and the other is the Informal Social Systems. * Mutual Interest: Organizations need people and people need organizations. Organizations have a human purpose. They are formed and maintained on the basis of some Mutuality of Interest among their participants.
Managers need employees to help them reach organizational objectives. And People need organizations to help them reach individual objectives. Mutual interest provides a super ordinate goal for employees, the organization, and society

* Ethical
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