The Dystopia By George Orwell

2154 Words9 Pages
The dystopia depicted in 1984 is a direct result of author George Orwell’s exposure to the oppressive regimes of his day. At the time of Orwell’s composition of the novel, authoritarian governments of the 1940s posed a real and dangerous threat to the free citizens of Europe. Much of what he saw in the Nazi and communist regimes inspired the Party, the government of Oceania, in his text 1984. The text argues that the effectiveness of an authoritarian regime depends on its ability to dehumanize its people. Themes involving alteration of language and the past, sexual frustration, and characterizations of O’Brien and Winston illustrate the ways by which the Party must dehumanize and alienation the people of Oceania in order to maintain absolute power. The text reveals that the people can effectively fight oppression through solidarity, which enables them to pose a danger to the Party’s power and finally regain their humanity. Syme’s work as a linguist symbolizes the Party 's overarching quest for absolute power through the uniformity of language. Syme, a friend of protagonist Winston Smith, “work[s] in the Research Department” to create the Eleventh Edition of the Newspeak Dictionary (Orwell 42). The purpose for the new dictionary is to create a language barren of ambiguity and exclusively comprised of words absolutely essential to speaking. Syme - which is a play on “same”- strips down the current language into a unified vocabulary. The man’s job is to implement the Party 's
Get Access