The Early American Colonies

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I hope thongs have been going well for you back home. Here in the Chesapeake things weren’t looking to well in the beginning but now its finally starting to look good for us. I came here in hopes of getting my own land, it took me a while but it was well worth it. I think you should come out here with us, there are so many opportunities for you here that aren’t available back home. You could get your own land and start growing tobacco, you could make more money than you on tobacco than you would ever see back home There aren’t a lot of women here to chose from, the colony consists of mostly young men. In the beginning the colony was failing because there weren’t enough skilled laborers, people didn’t know how to farm, there was no medical…show more content…
The natives were called the Powhatan Confederacy. In 1606 the confederacy consisted of 30 different Indian nations and over 24,000 people. Powhatan was the leader of the Powhatan Confederacy and his daughters name was Pocahontas. This is important because in 1614 John Rolfe, the colonist who developed the successful strain of tobacco, married Pocahontas. This marriage led to a period of peace between the natives and us colonists. From this period of peace came the Columbian Exchange where we would trade goods with the natives such as apples, plums, citrus, bananas, coffee, melons, rice, sugarcane, wheat, cows, pigs, and chickens. We traded these goods to the Natives for their goods such as avocadoes, beans, blueberries, corn, peanuts, peppers, sweet potatoes, squash, pumpkin, tomatoes, tobacco, and the white potato. While we traded goods, there were also exchanges that weren’t necessarily traded on purpose like disease. The natives were not acclimated to European diseases such as tuberculosis, chicken pox, polio, yellow fever, and the worst of them all small pox. These diseases wiped out half of the native population in just two…show more content…
When your contract finally expires you were granted your freedom dues. These freedom dues included a new set of clothes, new tools, seed, and most importantly LAND. After the contract expired all indentured servants were awarded 50 acres of land which meant you could start your own plantation and become healthy. While at first this system worked perfectly, there were some negative consequences. With all of the previously indentured servants were being freed and and awarded their land there became too many people growing tobacco. Because so many people were growing tobacco prices fell. After 1660 it was difficult for the smaller growers to make a profit. Eventually there was less land to give away and it became impractical for plantation owners to buy indentured servants. This is what shifted the labor force to African slaves. The slaves are not under a contract like the indentured servants. They worked for the plantation owner for life and then their children worked for life. Punishment for the slaves are physical violence such as whipping, starving, and
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