The Early Modern Atlantic Economy Edited by J. McCusker and K. Morgan

1368 Words 6 Pages
On one hand a group of historian argues the notion that Brazil and the Caribbean experienced a sugar revolution while on the other hand another group argues that there was no such thing as a sugar revolution, what Brazil and Caribbean experienced was simply a sugar boom.
In order to assess which group of historians is more accurate, one must first understand the concept of a sugar revolution and what factors must be present in order for a sugar revolution to occur. The concept of a sugar revolution is one that states there was a drastic change from the cultivation of tobacco to the cultivating of sugar cane, changing the country`s economy, politics and social structure within a short period of time. According to B.W. Higman there are certain factors that can prove the existence of a sugar revolution, these are; the quick change from diversified agriculture to sugar monoculture, production on small farms to large farms, free to enslave labour, from a dominantly white population to a dominantly black population and a low value GDA (gross domestic product) to a high value GDP.
According to R. Greenwood, S. Hamber and B. Dyde in their book Amerindians to Africans they support the argument that there was a sugar revolution in the Caribbean. In the Caribbean, especially Barbados there was a change of diversified agriculture to practicing monoculture cultivating sugar was a result of the falling prices in West Indian tobacco and other crops like ginger and cotton. Barbados…