The Earthly Sanctuary

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God gave very specific instructions to Moses regarding the establishment of the earthly sanctuary. These instructions were given in order to maintain the covenant relationship with God. In Exodus 19:5-6 it is written, “’Now then, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep my covenant, then you shall be My own possession among all the peoples, for all the earth is Mine; and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation’. Evidently, God desired for the people of Israel to be set apart, a people that functioned and behaved differently to those around them. Moreover, they were to be a ‘kingdom of priests’ that were His representatives on earth. Within this covenant relationship, God established laws and regulations, part of which is this scripture regarding the veil, a divide between the outer tabernacle and the Holy of Holies, the place where God was enthroned on earth .

Therefore, the Mosaic Law was unique and exclusive to the people of Israel; it was to regulate how they functioned as a nation. As such, the law holds much more significance to the ancient Israelites to whom it was given. In fact most contemporary Christians seldom know how to apply the Mosaic Law in a modern context. Thus it is important for us to examine the historical context around the scripture. The ancient Israelites had been 430 years in Egypt , and had been enslaved for 215 of those years . Jackson writes, “when the children of Israel came into the desolate region of
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