The Educational Inequality : Brown And Park

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Brown and Park (2002) states it is difficult for people in rural areas to invest enough in education even though they will get more returns in the future. Furthermore, parents in rural areas are likely to have lower level of educational background, so it is hard for them to educate their children (p.1).
Hannum (2003) considers that market reforms in China have increased people’s awareness of educational inequality in rural communities, especially about educational opportunities for children in rural China.
However, the problem of gender inequality in education exits in many rural communities in China, which impedes the educational balance in those areas. The educational inequality caused by geography is a significant problem in many developing countries, as rural areas increase government’s burden for financing and managing local schools (Hannum, 2003).
Although education is very important for developing countries as they consider education as an effective approach to change their socioeconomic situation, poverty is still always connected with lower educational attainment in developing countries such as China (Knight, Shi & Quheng, 2008).
The Educational Gender Issue in Rural China
In China, there is a long history that males had more access to schooling than females (Li, 2004). According to the statistics about population by sex, educational attainment and region, which is published by National Bureau of China (2013), in a rural area called Gansu, out of a sample
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