The Effect Of Cardiovascular Disease On The Underlying Liver Disease

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As population is aging, liver cirrhosis is progressively predominant, and more elderly population with already diagnosed liver disease will be seen by geriatricians. It very useful to understand predictive factors for survival in cirrhotic patients in order to help with therapeutic decision-making, including allocation for liver transplantation (Fox et al., 2011).
There are associations between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and liver cirrhosis. The effect of cardiovascular diseases on the underlying liver disease is well-recognized. The management is vital in the long term care of patients with liver cirrhosis, particularly whom considered for liver transplantation. CVD in cirrhotics may happen as a part of a systemic disease that incorporates the liver e.g.: Wilson 's disease, or a systemic disease which does not include the liver e.g.: atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease, or as a limited cardiovascular disease without related hepatic or systemic affiliation (Karasu et al., 2004).
Cardiovascular function is often affected in patients with liver cirrhosis and this has an association with degree of liver dysfunction defined by Child-Pugh score or the Model for End Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score. That CVD process is marked by changes known as "the hyperdynamic syndrome". Studies found that this syndrome occurs in more than 30% of patients with cirrhosis (Karasu et al., 2004).
Renal dysfunction has been the focus of much research in different patient populations. This
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