The Effect Of Classical Music On Short Term Memory

2260 Words Jun 21st, 2016 10 Pages
The aim of this experiment was to measure the effect of classical music on short-term memory. The research hypothesis was that subjects would score significantly lower in a memory test of ten objects when listening to “The Flight of the Bumblebee” than the subjects listening to no music. In this experiment the design was repeated measures, meaning the participants took part in both the music and no-music conditions. The purpose of this was to prevent variables which may occur due to differences in memory abilities. The independent variable was the presence and absence of music whilst participants were asked to recall missing objects. The dependent variable was the number of missing objects remembered in a memory test of ten objects. The controls of this experiment were the debriefing scripts, and the random order of objects presented in the PowerPoint. The target population was Ravenswood Year 12 students. The results found that the participants under the no-music recall condition scores (M=4.9, SD=0.876) were statistically and significantly higher (p≤0.05) than their music recall scores (M=3.7, SD=0.781). This suggests that distraction has an influence on the memory retention of objects, supporting the Working Memory Model.

The cognitive level of analysis is an approach in psychology the follows the core principles that human beings are mental processors and mental processes guide their behaviour, the mind can be studied scientifically, and cognitive processes are…
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