The Effect Of Enzymes On The Body

1528 WordsSep 29, 20157 Pages
Introduction Enzymes are biological catalysts that speed up a reaction without being consumed. They are also known as catalysts that are efficient for biochemical reactions. As described by Marangoni, Alejandro G “enzymes lower the activation of a reaction by increasing the rate of reaction without affecting the position of equilibrium” (Marangoni, Alejandro, 2003, p. 13). Enzymes provide alternative reaction pathway but in the process, they don’t undergo permanent changes like other reactants do, thus at the end of the reaction, they remain unchanged. Enzymes are not living organism but rather, are simple biological molecules. Although enzymes speed up reactions, they can only alter the rate at which the reaction takes place not the position of the equilibrium. Enzymes have many roles in the body some of the roles are; they are accountable for “moving large parts of a cell’s internal structure such as pulling chromosomes apart when a cell divides.” (Reece, Urry, Cain, Wasserman Minorsky, & Jackson, 2014.) When food is consumed, enzymes breakdown the food to tiny particles which are later converted to energy by the body. Enzymes are also responsible for making energy molecules which are continuously needed for a cell to exist. Enzymes are very important because they are the proteins that control the speed of chemical reactions in your body. Without enzymes, these reactions would take place too slowly to keep us alive. Enzymes are also a source of communication between
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