The Effect Of Glucose On The Body

985 Words Nov 5th, 2015 4 Pages
Introduction: On October twenty-second, the lab preformed was blood glucose testing. Glucose is important within the body because it is blood sugar (SLM). Glucose is a substance that must be maintained within homeostasis (SLM). Also, glucose is needed to power most of the energy processes within the body in the form of ATP (SLM). Blood sugar or glucose should be at normal levels for a healthy individuals. The normal level for glucose is seventy to one hundred and ten (SLM). Some things that can alter the blood glucose levels are artificial sweeteners, dehydration, some medication, morning highs, women’s menstrual cycles, lack of sleep, weather, and caffeine (Everyday Health ). If these affects occur it could result in a person having diabetes. Diabetes is defined as the inability to produce enough insulin within the body. If a person has diabetes it can be controlled, by insulin shots and monitoring the glucose levels.
The hormones involved in glucose are insulin and also glucagon. Insulin can regulate blood glucose levels by the pancreas detecting food intake (McKinley). Also, chemoreceptors in beta cells detect the increased and stimulated to release insulin (McKinley). Glucagon is a hormone that is released due to low glucose levels within the body. Glucagon attaches to plasma membrane receptors, which activate secondary messengers (McKinley). Glucagon causes glycogenolysis, and also lipolysis. The factors that affect insulin are beta cells and glucagon…
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