The Effect Of Glucose On The Formation Of Furanoid Diacetonide

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Glucose D-glucopyranose or, more commonly, D-glucose is an aldohexose, a reducing sugar and a component of sucrose, lactose, cellulose, and starch; the latter is typically used as the primary material for the commercial production of glucose via enzymatic hydrolysis (de Wit et al. 1993). Glucose is the primary component for the manufacture of alkyl polyglucosides, D-glucitol, gluconic acid, and high fructose corn syrup; in fact, D-glucose can undergo a fermentation process to produce L-ascorbic acid, from D-glucitol, as well as polyesters, polyurethanes, and alkyd and melamine resins. Moreover, D-glucose can form pyranoid, furnaoid, and acyclic tautomers (Lichtenthaler and Peters 2004). This tautomeric form must be fixed to help facilitate subsequent reactions such for the formation of furanoid diacetonide, acyclic dithio-acetal, pyranoid structures, in glucosidic forms, and glucal or hydroxyglucal esters. Furthermore, an acetylacetone reaction with D-glucose, with intercession from ZnCl¬¬2, forms highly substituted furan derivatives. Since only the first two D-glucose carbons participate in the furan formation, a hydrophilic tetrahydroxybutyl side chain also forms, which can be oxidized to yield a selection of furanic building blocks. In comparison, D-glucose can react with pentane-2,4-dione, in a moderately basic environment, to cause carbon addition, followed by a retroaldol style elimination of acetate. Considering that this reaction uses simple reagents in an

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