The Effect Of Height Of A Crater On Its Diameter

2870 WordsNov 16, 201412 Pages
The Effect of the Height of a Crater on Its Diameter My aim is to investigate the effect of testing varying heights on the size of the diameter of the crater formed. Introduction: A celestial body is an astronomical object or irregular body that varies in size and composition they are generally found in the inner solar system and mainly move in indirect orbits. When they are about to hit a moon or planet it causes the body to heat up, due to the friction between the body and the surface being collided against. Furthermore, a crater is formed when a celestial body collides with planets and moons. The force of impact is so intense it annihilates the celestial body and changes the part of the planet’s surface, causing it to form a large imprint known as the ‘crater’. I will try to recreate this in the classroom using a tub containing sand acting as the moon’s surface and drop a plasticine ball at different heights which will represent the celestial body and distance travelled. There are numerous factors effecting the size of the diameter formed: Height- The imprint formed on the surface of the planet is dependent of the height at which it’s falling. Hence the higher the height the object is falling from a bigger crater will be formed. Speed- The speed of the falling object will also play a vital role on the intensity of the crater formed. Therefore, the increase in crater size is due to the increasing speed of the falling object. Air resistance- Very small objects have little
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