The Effect Of Parental On Grief And Adjustment

1797 Words8 Pages
The following is a review of the article “The “How” and “When” of Parental Loss in Adulthood: Effects on Grief and Adjustment” (Hayslip, Pruett, & Caballero, 2015). The article summarizes a study that was done to determine the impact of gender, age, and cause of death on grief. I will discuss the purpose of the research, the methods and measurements used, as well as the results and an interpretation of the findings. I will then discuss the findings of this article in relation to Berger’s discussion of grief (2014). This review will conclude with a reflection of how this article relates to my personal experience.
Purpose of the Research
This study was an extension of a study the authors did previously. This goal of this study was to
…show more content…
For instance, the authors believed that there would be a higher impact on grief for daughters who had lost their mothers and sons who had lost their fathers. Overall, it was hypothesized that the highest amount of grief would be in young adults who suddenly lost their same-sex parent.

Summary of the Method and Measures
This study involved 400 participants who had experienced the death of one of their parents, but not both. 62.8% of the participants had experienced the death of a father, while 36.5% experienced the loss of a mother. This included 247 young adults (ages 18-35) and 153 middle-aged adults (ages 50-65). There were 248 females and 152 males. The majority of the young adults were single (88%) and a majority of the middle-aged adults were married (68%).
The participants were asked to disclose the cause of death of their parent. These causes were then classified into anticipated deaths, such as a long-term illness, or a sudden death, such as a heart attack. 191 participants had experienced anticipated deaths and 209 experienced sudden deaths.
There were two scales used to determine emotional and behavioral difficulties after experiencing the loss of a parent; the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Affect Balance Scale. The HSCL-25 measures symptoms of anxiety and depression and the total score provides an idea of overall distress. The Affect Balance Scale measures positive and negative affect.
Get Access