The Effect Of Photosynthesis On Plants And The Cycle Of Photosynthesis

899 WordsOct 23, 20154 Pages
“The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago, the second best time is now.” This anonymous quote is a direct reference to the issue of pollution, and the ramifications and effects it has on plants and the cycle of photosynthesis. Pollution not only directly effect plants and the cycle of photosynthesis, but pollution can also indirectly harm other elements that contribute to the life of a plant and the cycles it performs. Photosynthesis is the cycle in which light energy converts carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen by ways of a chemical reaction (Robinson 2015). Photosynthesis’, overall a fairly simple process, has couple complex reactions. To fully understand the cycle, it should be broken down into two simple stages. These stages can be divided up into light reactions and the Calvin Cycle. In the first step of photosynthesis, the light reaction, solar energy is converted into the form of chemical energy. This entails the chlorophyll absorbing light from the sun and transforming it into NADP+ (nicotin- amide ademine dinucleotide phosphate) and ATP, through means of a chemical reaction. During the second stage, the Calvin cycle, the plant takes in CO2, and processes it through the chloroplast. Following it converts the carbons into carbohydrates by adding electrons using chemical energy such as ATP. The end result of this stage is sugar and oxygen. The process of photosynthesis occurs primarily in the chlorophyll of the leaf. The leaf also has a structural
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