The Effect Of Sleep On Hemoglobin Glucose Levels Among Children And Teens

1287 WordsMay 24, 20166 Pages
1. INTRODUCTION TO TOPIC Recent trends show that people are getting diagnosed with type II diabetes earlier. The rate of type II diabetes in the U.S.A increased by 217% in the 0-44 year old age group between 1990 and 2009 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Several factors increase the risk of developing type II diabetes, including diet, exercise, genetics, and sleep. Less knowingly, prolonged lack of sleep severely damages humans’ health. Sleep and one’s circadian rhythm contribute to maintaining blood glucose homeostasis (ACAM). Through this experiment, we will study the effect of various amounts of sleep on hemoglobin A1c levels among children and teens. Hemoglobin A1c levels are strong predictors of blood sugar control. The hemoglobin A1c level measures the amount of glycated hemoglobin in the blood (AACC). The more glucose in the blood, the higher the hemoglobin A1c level. We hope to use the data from this experiment to find a possible connection between amount of sleep and increased blood glucose levels, while controlling for behavioral changes such as eating habits and exercise times. Previous studies show that extended amounts of less sleep in middle-aged and older adults can increase hemoglobin A1c levels and that can increase risk of type II diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). If our findings are significant, we hope to stimulate further research in this area. This topic was chosen because if sleep does in fact have a connection to

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