The Effect Of Temperature On The Rate Of Reaction Of Enzyme Activity

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An Investigation of the Effects of Temperature on the Rates of Reaction of Enzyme Activity

Enzymes are important protein macromolecules that act as biological catalysts that catalyse biochemical reactions and speed up reaction rates inside the living systems of plant and animal cells. The practical studies the break down reaction rate of enzymes where the substrate molecule binds and interacts with the complementary enzyme at the active site. For the break down process, activation energy located in the reserves of molecules is needed. In this case an initial input of energy is needed for the reaction to start, however, when accompanied by an enzyme, little activation energy is needed for a higher reaction to occur. Enzymes lower activation energy by applying pressure to the weak hydrogen bonds. When the bonds break or weaken through the alteration of orientation in the shape of the substrate, this leads to the enzyme reaction; the molecule breaks down and the substrate is split into its two original products.
The free energy released in this investigation is oxygen gas. This substance is released when the decomposition of the reactive chemical bi-product Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)(which is the bi-product of metabolism), needs to be broken down and converted into water and oxygen in order to avoid the unwanted accumulation of toxicity in cells.
Equation of chemical reaction by catalase:
Temperature plays a significant role in the acceleration of reaction rates, by heating
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