The Effect Of The Effects Of Osmosis On The Cell

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By definition, Osmosis is the diffusion of a solvent, such as water, through a selectively permeable membrane (Pearson, pg. 70). Osmosis occurs whenever the water concentration differs on the two sides of a membrane. If distilled water is present on both sides of a selectively permeable membrane, no net osmosis occurs, even though water molecules move in both directions through the membrane. In addition, if the solute concentration on the two sides of the membrane differs, water concentration differs as well.
Osmosis differs from diffusion in several ways. Osmosis is the movement of a solvent, such as water, from its higher free energy or chemical potentials to the area of its lower chemical potential when the solute particles are not allowed to diffuse. Also, it operates only in a liquid form and it’s applicable to only solvent part of a solution. On the other hand, diffusion is the movement of particles or molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration, that is, down along their concentration gradient. It can operate in any medium and is applicable to all types of substances: solids, liquids or gases.
In this experiment, sheep blood was used to demonstrate the effects of osmosis on the cell. For this to be demonstrated, a treatment was provided. The drop from the sheep’s blood was treated with an equal amount of 0% NaCl solution. I was also able to see the effects of osmosis on the cell but through different treatments which were
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