The Effect Of The Middle Eastern Conflict

1290 WordsMar 20, 20176 Pages
In October of 1973, a short war between Israel and its regional neighbors, Egypt and Syria, nearly brought the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of war. The dramatic effect the middle eastern conflict had these two superpower’s relationship is both surprising and concerning. Prior to the Cuban Missile Crises of 1962, a series of threats between the Soviet Union and the United States created distrust and fear between the two countries. Additionally, a large imbalance in power contributed to Soviet feelings of vulnerability which led to Khrushchev’s decision to employ missiles in Cuba. However, conditions were very different on the onset of the Yom Kippur War. In the years preceding the war, strategic vulnerability, was no…show more content…
Rational Actor Model assumes that actions that are undertaken by countries are calculated solutions to strategic problems. Behaviors of states are purposive and goal-directed. Therefore, when countries engage in foreign diplomacy they attempt to make the best choice that is available. For this reason, when studying the behavior of states through RAM, it is important to ask why a specific country believed a certain choice would be in their best interest, considering the information and options that were available to them at the time. When applying RAM, we assume that that the decision makers are rational and will make choices that are in their best interest. However, since the decision-making abilities of states are limited, rational actors will often make mistakes. Herbert Simon differentiates between two types of rationality; comprehensive and bounded rationality. In comprehensive rationality, the actor can evaluate all the alternatives to every decision and, therefore, could manage to consistently take the best course of action. In contrast, bounded rationality recognizes that the decision-making capabilities and knowledge available to the decision maker are always limited. No government or country has full sight during their decision-making process, or the luxury of having access to all relevant information. For this reason, when an actor misperceives a situation and makes a poor
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