The Effect Of Water Quality On Faecal Contamination

1423 Words Mar 23rd, 2015 6 Pages
The aim of this research project is to investigate the water quality in the Barcombe Mills tributary. By collecting samples along the stream, becomes an attempt to be illustrated the qualitative state of water, centring on faecal contamination. It is attempted to assess the risk of water-related illnesses from faecal contamination to persons coming in contact with the river. It will also be a review of the causes of poor water quality in Barcombe Mills tributary, in order to be applied techniques to mitigate them. It is hypothesized that Barcombe Mills tributary is not safe for individuals to use it for recreation and they were at risk of water-related illness from faecal contamination.

1.2 Objectives:

• To review, and to report on
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In recent decades the natural water quality has changed significantly. The Barcombe Mills has to face many pollution threats with the most significant the sewage treatment plant which is located there. The dissolved nitrates, phosphates and other harmful chemicals increases since the faecal contain a large amount of ammonia, posing a risk for river 's rich variety of wildlife (Oart.org.uk, 2015). Water-borne human infectious diseases are associated with human or animal faeces. Animals are becoming a worry, globally and they place an enormous trouble on the human population of many countries (Domingo et al. 2007).Bacteria known as Faecal indicator organisms (FIO) were used to indicate the occurrence of faecal contamination. The most common FIO are Escherichia coli and Enterococci. These organisms are ideal to indicate watercourses that have been contaminated because the nature of them is relatively non-pathogenic and they can be detected easily (Sepa.org.uk, n.d.). Faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) are used as indicators for faecal contamination, without being able to distinguish whether the contamination source is human or animal. Because human faeces pose a greater risk of disease due to presence of specific human pathogens. The use of FIO can lead us to underestimate the potential risk to human health (Sinclair, 2009). There is a limited variety of literature on the river Ouse and its
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