The Effect On Climate Change

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Basic functions of the UNFCCC play into its power and authority over addressing greenhouse gas emissions, while maintaining presence in the international community. Such emissions make up a substantial portion of impact on climate change; therefore, the UNFCCC targets areas that produce the most emissions. The ways in which the UNFCCC minimally, but not adequately, regulates climate change is through two agreements. The two treaties are the Kyoto Protocol the Paris Agreement (COP 21). In 2016, the Kyoto Protocol expires which the Paris Agreement replaces. Under the Kyoto Protocol, some of the major producers of greenhouse gas emissions are targeted. During the initial negotiations of the Kyoto Protocol, many of the top producers of…show more content…
Once the Nation’s sign, the commitment to reducing the emissions is the second step towards change. Yet some of the lower ranked emitters pledged to cut back more than the top producers. In fact, some developing nations (process of “transitioning to a market economy) committed to reducing more than the top producers) (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 1998) (Damassa, Friedrich, & Ge 2014) (“Status of Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol” 2014). Five of the top producers of greenhouse gas emissions are considered the most influential or powerful Nations. These powerful nations are (ranked from highest to lowest) United States, Russia, China, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Japan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (Clark 2017). All of the Countries listed were ranked according to its economy, politics or political influence, cultural influence (including art), education, natural resources, environmental change, exports of arms, imports of arms, military spending, and military size. Overall, these Nations share in influence on other smaller nations. This is key in determining the lack of effectiveness of the UNFCCC. The convention failed to get the top producer of emissions and the third most powerful nation to sign the Protocol in December of 1998. These Countries not only set the stage for economic relations but also for the environment. Environmental change is
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