The Effect of Child Abuse on The Emotional Development of the Infant

1229 WordsJul 16, 20185 Pages
The Effect of Child Abuse on the Emotional Development of the Infant to Five Years Old in the United States A Review of the Literature Child abuse is one of the most serious issues in the United States today. Child abuse is the physical, emotional/ psychological or sexual maltreatment of a minor. Neglecting a child is another type of abuse, and includes malnutrition, abandonment, and/or inadequate care of a child’s safety. Additionally, any neglectful act can lead to physical or emotional harm and in some cases death of a child. Unfortunately, young children are the most vulnerable population to child abuse. Statistics indicate that victims in their first year of life had the highest rate of victimization at 21.9 per 1,000 children of…show more content…
Furtheremore, rejecting a child is a failure respond to a child’s needs. Isolating a child is also another type of emotional abuse where the caregiver constantly stops the child from having regular social interactions with the outside world. Emotional abuses happen in many types of families, regardless of their culture or ethnicity. Many caregivers want the best for their children. However, some caretakers may emotionally and psychologically hurt their children because of the environment, pressure, anxiety, and/or social loneliness. Moreover, caregivers may emotionally abuse their children because they experienced emotional abuse themselves as children. Play behavior in children starts at early age and is essential to their development. Through play, children develop social skills, fine and gross motor skills; they also build their own personality and help them figure out the world around them. Studies demonstrated that abuse children between the age of four and five engage in less play between their peers and they are more aggressive and less capable to initiate a relationship ( Valentino, Cicchetti, Toth & Rogosch 2011; Graham, Kim & Fisher 2012). The unfortunate reality, however, is that many parents or caregivers do not engage verbally direct behavior with their children mainly during the early years of life; instead they concentrate more in physical
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