The Effect of Different Sugar Sources on Yeast Respiration Essay

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The purpose of this investigation is to test the effect of different sugar sources on yeast respiration. Yeasts are unicellular organisms belonging to the fungi kingdom and Eukarya Domain. Yeast are heterotrophs which gain its energy from enzymes that break down carbohydrates into alcohol and CO2. It can also derive energy from simple sugars such as fructose and glucose, which can be found mostly in groups and reproduce asexually (occasionally sexually). Asexual yeast reproduction is accomplished through a process called budding. Budding occurs when a yeast cell achieves full growth. It then sprouts a bud like swelling on its surface. Part of the parent cell’s nucleus is taken and put into this bud, which then is encased by a wall. The…show more content…
It refers to the process of harvesting chemical energy (ATP) from organic molecules (food) into a form immediately usable by organisms. This process is happening all the time in the cytoplasm and mitochondria. The following equation is used during cellular respiration: C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6 H2O + 36 ATP There are two types of cellular respiration, aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic respiration occurs when there is oxygen present and in the mitochondria (in eukaryotic cells) and the cytoplasm (in prokaryotic cells). Aerobic respiration requires oxygen; it proceeds through the Krebs cycle. The Krebs cycle is a cycle of producing carbon dioxide and water as waste products, and converting ADP to thirty-four ATPs. Anaerobic respiration is known as a process called fermentation. It occurs in the cytoplasm and molecules do not enter the mitochondria for further breakdown. This process helps to produce alcohol in yeast and plants, and lactate in animals. Only two ATPs are produced through this process. In yeast fermentation is used to make beer, wine, and whiskey. In this experiment the four different types of sugar substitutes will be tested with yeast to determine if the type of sugar substitute directly affects the respiration rate of yeast. The four different types of sugar substitutes include Saccharin (Sweet ‘N Low),
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