The Effect of Rehabilitation on Reducing Criminal Behavior

596 WordsJan 26, 20182 Pages
Introduction The effect of rehabilitation on reducing criminal behavior has been studied for years. There are many types of rehabilitation such as parole, probation, group therapy, and drug therapy. The argument about whether or not rehabilitation works for criminal offenders has been ongoing for many years. In 1974 Lipton, Martinson, and Wilks published The Effectiveness of Correctional Treatment: A Survey of Treatment Evaluation Studies (The Martinson Report), this book basically stated that no form of rehabilitation works in decreasing recidivism in criminals. This paper analyses some recent studies in the hope that Lipton, Martinson, and Wilks were wrong. It is important that this topic is reviewed for a few reasons. First, knowing which rehabilitation methods work and for what kind of criminal is imperative to decreasing the rate of recidivism. If the correct method of rehabilitation can be found, the cost will decrease over all because fewer crimes will be committed. Second, the Martinson Report was created based off studies from 1945 to 1967 (296 wilson and p). This report is almost 40 years old, the effects of rehabilitation programs could have changed during this time. Third, if rehabilitation programs can be better understood, the correct implication could help lower cost to the community and state. Fourth, if rehabilitation programs could be put in place the problem of reentry into the community would be less difficult because rehabilitation is seen as less
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