The Effect of Self-Esteem and Stereotype on Task Performance

4039 Words Jun 19th, 2018 17 Pages
There have been many studies done on task performance that have indicated that many factors can affect task performance. In this study, we are going to focus on how self-esteem and stereotype threat affect task performance. This topic is very important to study because it will help us understand about how our performance is affected by self-esteem and stereotype threat. At some point in our lives our performance is been measured, in daily activities as job, school and in sport. When one measures task performance, people should be aware if other thing affects their performance. There is not a lot of information about self-esteem and task performance. However, there is a possibility that self-esteem and performance are related but there is …show more content…
Cadinu, Maass, Rosabianca & Kiesner (2005) expect stereotype threat to lead to negative thinking; which then will lead to a decrease in performance. Cadinu, Maass, Rosabianca & Kiesner (2005) conducted an experiment in which a group of women completed a difficult mathematics that was assign to a stereotype threat or a no threat condition. Their expectations was supported, stereotype threat to lead to negative thinking, which in turn would lead to a decreases in performance, because negative thoughts are believed to mediate the effects of stereotype threat. One important finding was that negative thoughts are the cause of poor performance under stereotype threat.
Steele and Aronson (1995) raise the possibility that culturally-shared stereotypes suggesting poor performance of certain groups, when made salient in a context involving the stereotype, and the individual who identifies with that group there performance will be disrupted. Steele and Aronson (1995) conducted several experiments that black college freshmen and sophomores performed more poorly on standardized tests than white students when their race was emphasized. When the race was not emphasized, black students performed better and equivalently with white students. As a result it shows that performance in academic contexts can be harmed by the awareness of racial stereotypes. Members of stereotyped groups often feel extra pressure in situations where their behavior can confirm the
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