The Effect of Stress on University Students

8911 Words Jun 27th, 2011 36 Pages
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
There have been many studies (Schafer, 1996; Fisher, 1994; Altmaier, 1983; Greenberg & Valletutti, 1980), which have reported strong relationship between stress and university students. Some individuals are more sensitive to some stressors than others; so, the person’s characteristics and behavior patterns must be looked at to determine their importance and their vulnerability to stress. The experience of stress in humans is universal, but there are also marked individual differences in how stress is experienced. Stress has been known “to be the fuel the body uses to meet the challenges of our fast-paced modern life; for others, it is the aversive by-product of such a life” (Altmaier,
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* Do males and females face the same stress situation? * What are the coping strategies used by students to deal with stress?
Significance of the study
This study will be a beneficial to the university as a whole. It will provide threshold information to Counsellors, (Academic, Hall, and Counselling unit) .which they will use to provide services for Students. It will also be profitable to would be students since it will feed them with prior information about what to expect in the university and how to manage those situations. This will also help parents to have an idea about the problems their wards experience when they are in first year so that they will make provisions to calm down the situation.
Delimitation
This study is limited to first year students of University of Cape Coast. To enable us to have quick access to information and easy administration of questionnaires we choose first year undergraduate students since, they are new in the university environment.

Definition of Terms
In order to understand clearly, the following term needs to be defined:
Stress: Is an emotional arousal as a result of socio-environmental demands that strain an individual’s usual ability to manage such emotional arousal.
Stressors: are any stress-producing factors.
Copying strategies: They are the mechanisms or activities that individuals use or engage to deal with stress.

CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE