The Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers: A Case Study of the Philippines Nathalie van

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The Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers:
A Case Study of the Philippines

Nathalie van Baren
Bachelor of science in Economics, KU Leuven, Belgium

The Philippines anno 2014: recovering from their recent typhoons, economic growth of an estimated seven percent and less than one year left to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The wanted progress on the second goal ‘Achieve Universal Primary Education’ is most likely not going to be achieved. How is that possible since they implemented a Conditional Cash Transfers (or simply CCT) program? Should they have changed the schooling system earlier instead of trying CCT, did in fact prevent CCT further decrease of inaccessible education or is it perhaps the
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The program was launched in 2008 and has been adjusted in 2013 with the start of the K-12 schooling system. The 4Ps had a budget of PhP 39 billion ($906 million) in 2012, which makes it the largest social programme in the Philippines.

1.1 Conditions
1.1.1 Educational Conditions
- Children between the ages of three and five must attend classes at least 85% of the time while enrolled in Day Care Program or pre-school program.
- Children between the ages of six and eighteen must be enrolled in elementary of secondary school and have an attendance rate of 85%. (This used to be fourteen but it was extended starting September 2014 because of the implementation of the new schooling system K to 12-program (K12). Additionally, someone could only been enrolled in the programme for five years, which was also enhanced until fifteen years.)
1.1.2 Health Conditions
- Pregnant women should regularly visit a local health center to receive pre-natal care, starting from the first trimester, and post-natal care after giving birth.
- Children between the ages of zero and five need to visit the health center to receive vaccination, weight monitoring and management of diseases.
- Children between the ages of six and fourteen should receive deworming pills every half year.
1.1.3 Other Conditions
- Family Development Sessions need to be attended
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