The Effects Of Air Pollution

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It is estimated that 6.5 million people die from air pollution every year. When gases, smoke, or dust particles enter our atmosphere in ways that become harmful to plants, animals, and humans it is called air pollution. Now, some air pollutions occur naturally for example during forests fires or volcanic eruptions, but the air pollution caused by human activities has become more prevalent and serious. The burning of fossil fuels, from coal-fired power plants and vehicles, causes smog and acid rain which includes particulate matter such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide that are released into the air.Air pollution has also become a global issue that has been taken more seriously every year. In the United Nation’s 2015 plan for Sustainable Development, air quality was mentioned three times. Most notably was this following indicator: “ Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution”. Ambient air pollution is just another way of saying outdoor air pollution that is usually caused by what I mentioned earlier—fossil fuel burning and vehicle emissions. Many of these deaths were a result of strokes, cardiovascular diseases, and lung cancer. The small particles of pollutant are called PM 2.5 which can harm the lungs if it is ingested to potentially cause these deaths along with asthma. Many countries are dealing with air pollution, but two countries of note are the United States of America and China. Although, both the United States and China are suffering from air pollution, there are clear differences in how it affects these nations and their desire to address these problems. In both countries, air pollution was also found to have negative effects on the living and non-living components of the environment including animals, plants, water, and soil. In China, the effects of air pollution were greatly seen in their agriculture. Apparently, the government conducted an eight-year study that found that 20 percent of China’s farmland was contaminated with arsenic, cadmium, and nickel. They didn’t publish this until the public outcry from citizens who had obtained rice from the Hunan province that was tainted with cadmium. This province is also one of China’s

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