The Effects Of Algae Biofuels On The United States

2097 Words Jun 1st, 2016 9 Pages
Increased energy demands, the need for dependence on oil imports, and rising oil prices have created a new found interest in renewable, biomass fuels. The U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) added onto the Renewable Fuel Standard that required that all U.S. transportation fuels contain at least 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels by 2022. Algae biofuels have the potential to make a significant contribution to achieving these goals and having our nation become an energy independent country. The U.S. federal government has invested over $800 million in biofuels research as part of the American Recovery and Renewal Act. These funds have been given to the Department of Energy - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s Biomass Program to invest in research, development, and finding ways to create an algae-to-biomass a commercialized farm and product. A few private companies are also making substantial investments in the algae to biomass area. With all the interest in algae as biomass, it is possible that algae could become the best sustainable oil option for the United States.

In order to convert algae to biomass we have to first understand what algae is. There are two main categories of algae, microalgae and macroalgae. Microalgae are unicellular organisms that use photosynthesis to produce biochemicals. They can live individually, or in masses (macroalgae) which are the many forms of seaweed. Microalgae have been on the planet as one of the…
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