The Effects Of Anterograde Amnesia And Its Diagnostic Criteria

2724 Words Apr 30th, 2015 11 Pages
Introduction
Anterograde amnesia is a common and distinguished neurological disorder in the psychological and neurobiological field. Media depictions of this neuropsychological disorder are not as common as other forms of amnesia, but it is still incorrectly portrayed. Anterograde amnesia refers to the inability to retain new information, while still having intact memories that occurred before brain damage (Carlson, 2014). There have been several studies that focus on anterograde amnesia and its diagnostic criteria, course, associated features, assessment, etiology, underling neurobiological mechanisms, treatments, and future research.
Researchers mention that there are two forms of long term memory, which are declarative (explicit) and procedural (non-declarative). However, declarative memory is the most difficult to form in anterograde amnesia and includes episodic and semantic memoires. Pauly-Takacs et al., (2011) referred to episodic memory as the ability to recollect emotional and spatial memories or experiences from one’s past, and semantic memory refers to the area of memory that houses facts or knowledge about the word and one’s past experiences.
Anterograde Amnesia General Concept
Anterograde amnesia is a selective memory disorder. As it is amnesia moving forward, it is the inability to encode and house new long-term memories (declarative memories) (Ward, 2010). There are different severities of anterograde amnesia, which includes but are not limited to:…
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