The Effects Of Attending Preschool On Children

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According to Lawrence J. Schweinhart of the HighScope Educational Research Foundation, an access to a quality preschool starting at the age of three years can increase the average graduation rate from high school by up to thirty percent. Why then, are only twenty five percent of three year old children enrolled in preschools, and fewer still in schools that meet government criteria for “acceptable” school standards? (Karoly) From 2001 to 2011, preschool funding has increased from $3.47 billion to $5.12 billion, but this increase in funding has not matched the growth of the attending population, resulting in a drop in spending per capita of around twenty three percent. (Lu) The effects of attending preschool have been comprehensively studied, with attendance to a quality preschool being linked with reduced crime rates and an increase in median annual income. These benefits affect everyone in a community, but the largest problem arises when it is considered that the demographic that is least likely to attend a preschool or have a pre-elementary education is those of low annual income. (Cheng) When children who already come from low income families are unable to attend a quality preschool, their average wage drops by around $5,000 annually, which is a large amount of money by any standards, and is especially lost in low-income areas. (Schweinhart) The main factors that cause the inequality in preschool accessibility are the quality of the instruction received, followed in
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