The Effects Of Bacterial Meningitis On The Nervous System

1451 WordsDec 5, 20166 Pages
Introduction Bacterial Meningitis affects the nervous system by causing inflammation of a trio of membranes known as the Meninges that are situated around the brain and spinal cord. It 's a disease that is slowly but surely being defeated worldwide with mortality rates falling from 464,000 deaths in 1990 to 303,000 in 2013[3]. Common symptoms throughout the period of an infection include; headaches, vomiting, fever, neck stiffness and an altered mental state. The severity of symptoms can depend on the species of bacteria that caused the infection. Due to recent medical advancements the rates of mortality have fallen considerably in the developed world, however meningitis is still prevalent in less economically developed countries. In this document I will be describing the various inner workings of the disease, but more specifically, it 's pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and preventative methods, furthermore I shall also be focusing more on the prevalence of the disease in the UK, as opposed to other locations. [1] Transmission Meningitis is spread from person to person through saliva/spit often directly transmitted through kissing, coughing or extended contact with another person i.e. living in the same household. Environmental factors; Climatic factors play a significant role in the seasonal increase in cases of meningitis. The spread of infection in the area 's within the 'meningitis belt ' appear to increase with drought, and significantly reduce with

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