The Effects Of Being Obese During Pregnancy?

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What are some of the effects and risks of being obese during pregnancy? Obesity is a serious medical and social issue, the relevance of which is determined, in the first place, by a high prevalence of obese pregnant women. The frequency of obesity among pregnant women in western Europe and the US ranges from 6 to 28% (Matias et al., 2013). Obesity accompanying pregnancy is considered as a significant risk factor. According to separate prospective studies, obesity is associated with the changes in the pregnant body. Increased insulin, androgen and leptin adversely affect the functioning of the reproductive system during pregnancy (Shub et al., 2013). Analysis of several studies has shown that the incidence of health issues in pregnant women with disorders of lipid metabolism is in four times higher than in the group of pregnant women with normal weight (Matias et al., 2013). Placental insufficiency is another major problem. According to Shub et al. (2013), its frequency among the obese mothers-to-be is rather high. Furthermore, obesity, which is characterized by insulin resistance, increases the risk of diabetes. Preterm labor along with urinary infections is another common risk (University of Rochester Medical Center, 2011). Leddy et al. (2008) argue that obesity affects maternal fetal body weight. Thus, very often children are born weighing more than 4,000 gram. According to some reports, the risk of birth defects is 1.6 times higher than in women with normal body weight
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