The Effects Of Caffeine On The Brain Function

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Caffeine is considered to be the most consumed psycho pick-me-up and is present in more than sixty plants. It is part of our everyday consumptions, such as coffee, tea, energy drinks and even chocolate even its small amount, around 90% of individuals use caffeine in one form or another. Caffeine has many similar traits with more of the bigger drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines and even heroin. The thing is that caffeine uses similar biochemical mechanisms as the other drugs which in fact are known to stimulate the brain function. Caffeine is also known as 1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine, and derives from a methylxanthine group and includes theophylline and theobromine (5). Methylxanthine inhibits the neurotransmitter adenosine by stimulating by beta 1 and beta 2 receptors from the release of catecholamine’s. Physiologically, caffeine impedes the binding of adenosine to its receptors in the cell membranes which causes a mild dilation of blood vessels and increases in blood pressure, metabolic rate, and urine production. It occurs naturally in the leaves, fruits, and seeds of numerous plant species, most noticed in coffee and cocoa beans, tea leaves, kola nuts, and guarana. Caffeine can be produced synthetically, but when added to food, it is most commonly derived as a byproduct of decaffeination (5). Caffeine is a substance widely used, not only for is ability to promote wakefulness and to stimulate the central nervous system, but to also begin an effect after 15 minutes of
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