The Effects Of Cardiovascular System On The Body

2262 WordsNov 23, 201410 Pages
Thousands of babies are born a day in the United States. One out every 691 babies born has Down syndrome, a disorder caused by an extra copy of the chromosome twenty one. In short, this syndrome shortens the person’s life span, and causes assorted severity of mental retardation. Those carrying this extra chromosome have flattened noses, rounder faces, are petite in size, and are much more prone to additional unhealthy disturbances or effects on substantial systems in the body. One specific organ system Down syndrome affects is the cardiovascular system, the main system that pumps blood throughout the body and essentially manages the lunges. In this system, oxygen and other necessary nutrients are transported to cells of the body, carbon dioxide is transported to the lungs, and unnecessary residue is emitted to the kidney, where it is then excreted from the body. Additionally, the cardiovascular system plays a big role in homeostasis, the component of our bodies that keeps our internal environment at a constant, appropriate temperature, blood clotting and fighting infections. There are three main types of cells that help execute the operations of the cardiovascular system. The first are red blood cells. These cells, as mentioned earlier, carry oxygen to every part of the body, most importantly to the lungs to help us breath. Second, are white blood cells, which are essential for fighting infections. These cells generate antibodies, which are proteins in the blood
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