The Effects Of Climate Change On The Future Global Transmission Of Malaria

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Approximately 3.2 billion people, which is more than half of the world’s population, are currently at risk of developing malaria (WHO, 2015). While, this health crisis is affecting 97 countries in the world, the vast majority of the cases are located in Africa. As of 2013, there were 198 million cases of malaria and an estimated 584,000 deaths of which, approximately 78% occurred in children under 5 years of age (WHO, 2014). The goal of this research is to determine the potential impact of climate change on the future global transmission of malaria. This paper will present a comprehensive analysis of the current data on climate change and examine the potential impact a drastic shift in climate could have on the transmission of
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Climate change, on the other hand, examines the shift in temperature, wind and precipitation over several decades (EPA, 2015). Greenhouse gases have a major impact on climate change because they are responsible for reflecting the heat back that is released from the earth’s surface. The heat is responsible for the shift in temperature, precipitation and wind patterns experienced on a global scale (EPA, 2015). The earth’s surface temperature has increased by 0.74°C in the last century and the current data suggest that the rise in the temperature is due to an increase in carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere (Nuleas et al., 2013). An increase in greenhouse gases has results in significant changes in climate patterns.
Examining the existing data on the variation in climate patterns recorded over the last several decades, allows us the opportunity to compare and contrast the shift in climate patterns with the increase in malaria transmission. Increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is responsible for the current climate shift as well as the drastic temperature increase in comparison to the pre-industrialization era (Nuleas et al., 2013). According to Nuleas and his colleagues (2013), the CO2 emission has increased by 114 ppm (parts per million) since the start of the industrial revolution. And research by the Scripps
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