The Effects Of Continuous And Partial Reinforcement On Reinstatement Induced Relapse

1111 WordsAug 31, 20145 Pages
Effects of Continuous vs Partial Reinforcement on Reinstatement-induced Relapse in Operant Behaviour Mona Nourozi PSYCH203 – University of Auckland Effects of continuous vs partial reinforcement on reinstatement-induced relapse in operant behaviour Research on behavioural momentum theory has provided a theoretical framework for understanding the effects of extinction and amount of relapse in relation to different conditional experiments (Nevin & Shahan, 2011). WHAT IS BEHAVIOURAL MOMENTUM THEORY This research is not only inherently interesting in pure theory, but also in clinical practise and intervention and for that reason is important. Upon further investigation of these concepts and how they interact with one another, we can discover new connections and ultimately attempt to control or affect the results of such interactions. Previous experiments have demonstrated that the resistance of operant behaviour depends on the rate of reinforcement that is associated with that specific stimulus (Podlesnik & Shahan, 2009). A general finding that Nevin (as cited in Podlesnik & Shahan, 2009) explores in this area is that the higher the rate of reinforcement, the more resistant the response is to change. The more resistant a response is, the more difficult it is to extinguish (Thrailkil & Shahan, 2012). However, results from other experiments are in conflict with what we would expect from this theory. The partial reinforcement extinction effect has shown that

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