The Effects Of Cultural Safety On The Health Sector Of New Zealand And Their Health Needs

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The concept of cultural safety was introduced into the health sector of New Zealand as the cultural disparities started affecting people’s health (Hally, 2009). The term ‘cultural safety’ was initially introduced into nursing profession by Irihapeti Ramsden in 1990s (Koptie, 2009). This essay focuses on the health topic asthma in Maori children in New Zealand and their health needs. It highlights the application of the principles of Treaty of Waitangi, protection, participation and partnership in the nursing profession and also the effect of nursing culture on culturally safe practice with regard to the issues of power relationships.
New Zealand is one of the developed countries which has the highest incidence of childhood asthma (The Best Practice Advocacy Centre, [BPAC] 2012).The incidence of asthma in Maori children and adults is higher than other world statistics. The statistics for Maori children who suffer from asthma is 19% more than the international average of 14% (Ministry of Health, 2014). Maori are in excess of four times more prone to death due to asthma than non Maori (New Zealand Health Survey of 2006-2007). Maori children have a greater prevalence rate of asthma with 28.5% when compared with other ethnic groups of children (BPAC, 2012).
Asthma is defined as the chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes (airways) in which the airways gets hyper responsive and become swollen. This in turn results in excess production of mucous
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