The Effects Of Depression On Children And Adolescents Essay

998 WordsDec 7, 20164 Pages
Throughout history, we have heard the rhetoric expressed repeatedly that depression occurs in adulthood and that children and adolescents do not experience episodes of depression. The ailment of adulthood and depression is something that is not accurately especially given the current reality in face in society. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, in 2015, an estimated 3 million adolescents aged 12 to 17 in the United States had at least one major depressive episode in the past year. Not to solely focus on adolescents, the evidence about children are also alarming. According to the Association for Young People’s Health, over 8,000 children aged under 10 years suffer from severe depression. As practicing professional school counselors, it important we develop a deeper understanding of depression as its evident lifetime prevalence of depression increases in students with age. Furthermore, the lifetime prevalence of 12-13-year old’s, 14-15-year old’s, and 16-17-year old’s is 7.8%, 13.8%, and 15.5% respectively. In terms of race which also plays a factor, the lifetime prevalence of Hispanic, Caucasians, African American, and Asian is 13.6%, 13.4%, 9%, and 9.7% respectively. Additionally, a 12-month prevalence of major depression episode among U.S Adolescents showed female adolescents to be 19.5% while male adolescents was at 5.8% (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration). As a child develops, schools setting will be the place they spend
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