The Effects Of Diabetes On Body Uses Blood Sugar

1449 Words Jun 18th, 2015 6 Pages
Diabetes mellitus is refered to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it is an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. Having diabetes, it does not matter the type, means there is an excessive amount of glucose in the blood, although the causes may differ, high levels of glucose can lead to serious health problems. The actual term diabetes is that the body is unable to produce any or enough insulin, which causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. This occurs in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, which are both similar the structure of the autoimmune disease but differ from each other in that type 1 is an acute dysfunction of the pancreas usually occurring at a young age, and type 2 is progressive due to increasing inability of cells to respond to insulin, usually due to life style.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.
The pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes begins with production of antibodies which leads to the death of beta cells then a decline in insulin secretion. Type 1 diabetes occurs as a result of the body 's immune system attacking the…
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